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Pollinators

What is pollination?

When a pollen grain moves from the anther (male part) of a flower to the stigma (female part), pollination happens. This is the first step in a process that produces  seeds, fruits, and the next generation of plants. This can happen through self- pollination, wind and water pollination, or through the work of vectors that move pollen  within the flower and from bloom to bloom.

Who are the pollinators?

Birds, bats, butterflies, moths, flies, beetles, wasps, small mammals, and most  importantly, bees are pollinators. They visit flowers to drink nectar or feed off  of pollen and  transport pollen grains as they move from spot to spot.

Why are pollinators important?

Some of the many foods that rely on pollinators -  Somewhere between 75% and 95% of all flowering plants on the earth need help with pollination – they need pollinators. Pollinators provide pollination services to  over 180,000  different plant species and more than 1200 crops. That means that  1 out of  every three bites of food you eat is there because of pollinators  If we want to  talk dollars and cents, pollinators add 217 billion dollars to the global economy  and honey bees alone are responsible for between 1.2 and 5.4 billion dollars in  agricultural productivity in the United States. In addition to the food that we eat, pollinators support healthy ecosystems that clean the air, stabilizes oils,  protect from severe  weather, and support other wildlife.

Good plants:

  • Asters
  • Bee Balm
  • Coreopsis
  • Goldenrod
  • Sunflowers
  • Marigolds
  • Milkweed
  • Trumpet Vine
  • Trumpet Honeysuckle
  • Joe Pye Weed
  • Phlox
  • Yarrow
  • Pussy Willow
  • Blueberry
  • Fruit Trees
  • Berries
  • Melons
  • Borage
  • Comfrey
  • Sage
  • Garlic
  • Mint
  • Thyme
  • Lavender
  • Dicentra
  • Mahonia
  • Cherries
  • Serviceberry
  • Tulip tree
  • Thyme
  • Phlox
  • Yarrow
  • Sourwood
  • Soutrhern Magnolia
  • Redbud
  • Yoshino Cherry
  • Pieris
  • Buddleia


Best practices: integrated Pest Management ( choosing right plants so they aren’t stressed; sanitation, beneficial insects, targeted rather than broad spectrum insecticides) ; Water available; layered plant canopy; “snags” for nests